Geographic Information Technology is the major field using the various advanced technologies for the capturing, storing and displaying data related to geographical systems. GIS can use any information that includes location. The location can be expressed in many different ways, such as latitude and longitude, address, or ZIP code.
GIS technology makes updating maps much easier. Updated data can simply be added to the existing GIS program. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related geospatial technologies, includes mainly Satellite-based mapping systems, Remote sensing and Land survey.