Pediatric Ophthalmology deals with eye diseases, visual development, and vision care in children. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems.
Baby vision concerns the improvement of visual capacity in babies from birth through the main years of life. The aspects of human vision which develop following birth include visual acuity, tracking, colour perception, depth perception, and object recognition. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are both surgical and medical specialists. Some of the disorders are Blocked tear ducts, Ptosis, Retinopathy of prematurity, Nystagmus, Visual inattention, Pediatric cataracts, Pediatric glaucoma, Abnormal vision development, Infections (Conjunctivitis), Strabismus, Amblyopia etc.
Genetic disorders often cause eye problems for affected children. Since approximately 30% of genetic syndromes affect the eyes, examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist can help with the diagnosis of genetic conditions. Many pediatric ophthalmologists participate with multi-disciplinary medical teams that treat children with genetic syndromes.