Pediatric Pulmonary medicine deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to lungs and respiratory system. In fact, Pulmonary Medicine manages diseases in the chest other than the heart. Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. It is also known as known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine.
Babies who are born early (premature) are at greater risk than full term babies for developing some types of long lasting lung diseases. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common lung problem for premature babies. With BPD, lung tissues develop abnormally, which causes stiffness and scarring in the lungs.
Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.