The Journal of Biodiversity Management & Forestry (JBMF) promotes rigorous research that makes a significant contribution in advancing knowledge for biodiversity and its conservation. The JBMF includes all major themes pertaining to biodiversity management criteria for the conservation of species.
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A Framework for Indigenous Community-Based Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment in the Garo Hills, North-East India
The framework is part of the efforts to address vulnerability and adaptation to climate change. It is useful to eradicate poverty, fill productive employment and enhance social integration. Climate change will have the largest impact on areas that have high population density, significant historical exposure to climate related hazards, high household’s vulnerability, poor governance, and low resilience to stress on natural resources. Indigenous community based climate vulnerability and capacity assessment (CBVCA) in the Garo hills has implications for livelihoods, food systems, ecological stress and perceive culture. This study characterizes CBVCA in the Garo hills of northeast India to climate change in the context of ongoing socio-economic and environmental challenges.
The Effect of Zoo Visitors on Activity Patterns of Captive African Herbivores
The role of zoos to conserve biodiversity is increasingly being recognized, but greater attention must be paid to good captive health, welfare, and population viability of species of interest. Several researchers have reported on the visitor effect on captive primate and felid behavior, and research has remained scarce on large captive herbivores, particularly in a mixed-species exhibit. The effect of zoo visitors on the activity budgets of twelve herbivores of four species at the Granby Zoo was investigated. The activity budget of individuals was monitored during the pre- and peak visitor seasons for a total of 20 observation days. Number of visitors had an effect on the daily activity budgets of Common elands and Thomson’s gazelle but did not have an effect on giraffes and zebras. The proportion of time spent feeding by Thomson’s gazelles increased whilst that of elands decreased as the number of visitors increased. This study summarizes the information on the activity of these species in the wild and provides new information on these species in captivity.
Population Status of Rhododendron mechukae-A Newly Recorded Endemic Species from Eastern Himalaya, India
The present paper deals with a newly recorded Rhododendron species from Eastern Himalayas, India, which is categorized as a critically endangered species. Rhododendrons act as keystone species and maintain biological communities in the fragile higher altitudinal region of the Eastern Himalayas. However, due to various anthropological disturbances, which is further exacerbating by climate change impact, results in shrinkage of natural habitat of rhododendrons. This brings an urgent need of assessing the population status of the Rhododendron species in Eastern Himalayas. Keeping this in view, an attempt had been made to evaluate the population status of Rhododendron mechukae. The study revealed that the species have a very small population size with scattered individuals and shows a reverse J-shaped population structure. As a result of deforestation for fuel wood, as well as massive destruction of the habitats, the survival of this species is threatening. Therefore, effective conservation and management initiatives should be taken to protect this newly recorded Rhododendron species in its natural habitat.
Analysis of Tree Diversity Patterns in the Tropical Evergreen and Moist Deciduous Forests of the Middle Andaman Islands, India
Tropical rainforests constitute one of the world’s richest biomes with high species diversity. They play a crucial role in controlling global climate besides providing several direct benefits known to all. Several studies have been carried out to estimate the biodiversity of these forests at various sites across the world and have helped in identifying potential sites of species richness and diversity as well as hotspots that harbour high endemism. However, Andaman and Nicobar Islands situated in between the Bay of Bengal in the west and the Andaman Sea in the east have not been explored much owing to their remoteness and inaccessibility, along with hostile cannibalistic natives and other tribal communities. In the current study, phytosociological data were collected in two predominant forest types of the Middle Andaman Islands to analyze their tree diversity patterns.