International Publisher of Science, Technology and Medicine

International Journal of Cardiovascular Research


Editor in Chief
Editor-in-Chief: Jimmy T Efird, PhD
East Carolina Heart Institute
Brody School of Medicine, USA
Read Interview session with Jimmy T Efird

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Impact Factor 0.45*

ISSN: 2324-8602

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Frequency: Bimonthly
NLM ID: 101611086
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research is an indexed, peer-reviewed scholarly journal and aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of cardiology and making them available online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide.
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research focuses on the topics include Heart diseases, Cardiovascular medicine, Echocardiography, Cardiac electrophysiology, Neuro cardiology, Cardiac Anesthesiology, Disorders of heart, treatment, pediatric cardiology, Interventional Cardiology and Hypercholesterolemia.
The journal is using Editorial Manager System for quality in review process. Editorial Manager is an online manuscript submission, review and tracking systems. Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of International Journal of Cardiovascular Research or outside experts; at least two independent reviewers approval followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system, hopefully to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.

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Confirmed Special Issues:

     1.  Artificial Hearts: Importance and Risks

     2.  Current Developments in Cardiovascular Imaging


Heart Diseases

Heart or cardiovascular diseases are heart or blood vessel related diseases, which includes numerous problems, many of which are related to Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is condition when Plaque builds up in the walls of arteries resulting in narrowing of arteries due to which blood flow is obstructed. If a blood clot is formed, it can stop the flow of blood resulting into heart attack or a stroke. Some cardiovascular diseases are: heart attack, ischemic stroke, heart failure, arrhythmia, heart valve problems, etc.

Related Journals of Heart Diseases:

Heart Disease, Congenital Heart Disease, Journal of the American Heart Association, Heart, The Journal of Heart Valve Disease, World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, American Heart Journal, European Journal of Heart Failure, American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease, Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

Heart Failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. In some cases, the heart can't fill with enough blood. In other cases, the heart can't pump blood to the rest of the body with enough force. Some people have both problems. The term "heart failure" doesn't mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. However, heart failure is a serious condition that requires medical care. The leading causes of heart failure are diseases that damage the heart. Examples include coronary heart disease (CHD), high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Related Journals of Heart failure:

European Journal of Heart Failure, Circulation: Heart Failure, Journal of Cardiac Failure, JACC: Heart Failure, Journal of Cardiac Failure, Heart Failure Reviews, Heart Failure Clinics, American Heart Journal American Journal of Cardiology, Open Heart Failure Journal

Cardiovascular Medicine

Cardiology is a branch of medicine which deals with the disorders of the heart in humans or animals. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine. Pediatric cardiologists are pediatricians who specialize in cardiology. Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons, a specialty of general surgery. Medicines given by these cardiologists for the treatment purpose of cardiac related diseases are cardiovascular medicines.

Related Journals of Cardiovascular Medicine:

Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine, Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine, Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine, Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal, Dialogues in Cardiovascular Medicine, Evidence-based Cardiovascular Medicine, The European Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cardiovascular Medicine

Myocardial Infarction

Myocardial infarction or acute myocardial infarction commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it is in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired. An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, or cardiac arrest.

Related Journals of Myocardial Infarction:

American Heart Journal, Circulation, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, European Heart Journal, The New England journal of Medicine, Cardiovascular Medicine, The Journal of Heart Valve Disease, American Journal of Cardiology, Heart Disease

Cardiac Electrophysiology

An electrophysiology (EP) study is a test that records the electrical activity and the electrical pathways of heart. This test is used to determine the cause of your heart rhythm disturbance and the best treatment. During the EP study, doctor safely reproduces abnormal heart rhythm and then suggests different medications to see which one controls it best or to determine the best procedure or device to treat heart rhythm. During EPS, doctors insert a thin tube called a catheter into a blood vessel that leads to your heart. A specialized electrode catheter designed for EP studies lets them send electrical signals to your heart and record its electrical activity.

Related Journals of Cardiac Electrophysiology:

Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology, Cardiac Electrophysiology Review, Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics, Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, Cardiac Electrophysiology, Heart Rhythm, Journal of Electrocardiology, Electrophysiology, Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review

Cardiac Anesthesiology

Cardiac anesthesia is a subspecialty involving he demanding intraoperative medical care of patients with coronary artery disease (requiring bypass surgery), valvular heart disease (requiring valve repair or replacement), or complex aneurysm repair. In addition to their heart disease, these patients often have other underlying medical problems called co-morbidities such as peripheral arterial disease (PAD), lung disease (COPD), hypertension, diabetes, or obesity that can impact how we deliver your anesthetic. It is the role of the anesthesia team (anesthesiologist and nurse anesthetist) to understand medical problems and to deliver as optimal care as possible during surgery trying to maximize a safe outcome.

Related Journals of Cardiac Anesthesiology:

Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia, European Journal of Anaesthesiology, BMC Anesthesiology, Anaesthesiology, Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology, Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, The Lancet, Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia

Pediatric Cardiology

Pediatric cardiology is treatment of heart related problems in children, infants or foetuses. Pediatric Cardiologists are the people who care for patients with congenital or acquired cardiac and cardiovascular abnormalities. The scope of pediatric cardiology practice is extensive. Pediatric Cardiologists evaluate and care for fetuses, neonates, infants, children, adolescents, young adults, and adults.

Related Journals of Pediatric Cardiology:

Pediatric Cardiology, Progress in Pediatric Cardiology, Annals of Pediatric Cardiology, The Annals of Pediatric Cardiology, World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery, Heart, Heart Asia, American Heart Journal, BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, Cardiology Journal

Interventional Cardiology

Interventional cardiology is the branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter-based treatment of structural heart diseases. The procedures performed are done by initially placing a catheter into the heart, or into the arteries that feed the heart itself. A large number of procedures can be performed on the heart by catheterization. This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization. The radial artery may also be used for cannulation; this approach offers several advantages, including the accessibility of the artery in most patients, the easy control of bleeding even in anticoagulated patients, the enhancement of comfort because patients are capable of sitting up and walking immediately. Main advantages of using the interventional cardiology or radiology approach are the avoidance of the scars and pain, and long post-operative recovery.

Related Journals of Interventional Cardiology:

Journal of Interventional Cardiology, Seminars in interventional cardiology : SIIC, Interventional Cardiology, Japanese Journal of Interventional Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology Clinics, Interventional Cardiology (London), Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology, Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions, JACC Cardiovascular Interventions


Arteriosclerosis is defined as stiffening or hardening or the arterial walls. Arteries are blood vessels that carry healthy, oxygen and nutrient rich blood to the various peripheral organs of the body. As the arterial walls harden, the heart has to pump harder and against a greater resistance to enable that the arterial blood reaches all the peripheral organs. Despite being used interchangeably arteriosclerosis is described under three headings – atherosclerosis, Moenckeberg medial calcific sclerosis and arteriolosclerosis. These lesions have three common features including stiffening of arterial vessels, thickening of the arterial wall and degenerative nature of the disease.

Related Journals of Atherosclerosis:

Atherosclerosis, Journal of Atherosclerosis Research, Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis, Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, Current Atherosclerosis Reports, Atherosclerosis Supplements, ARYA Atherosclerosis, International Journal of Atherosclerosis, The American Journal of Medicine, European Heart Journal.

Neuro Cardiology

The speciality that deals with the brain-heart connection has become known as neurocardiology. Neurocardiology refers to (patho) physiological interplays of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability are important parameters in understanding the influence of the autonomic nervous system on both heart and brain activity. The effects of stress on the heart are studied in terms of the heart's interactions with both the peripheral nervous system and the central nervous system. Clinical issues in neurocardiology include hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy, cerebral embolism, encephalopathy, neurologic sequelae of cardiac surgery and cardiac interventions, and cardiovascular findings in patients with primary neurological disease.

Related Journals of Neuro Cardiology:

International Journal of Cardiology, Circulation, Neurocardiology, Scholarena Journal of Neurology Basic and Clinical Neurocardiology, HSOA Journal of Cardiology & Neurocardiovascular Diseases Journal of Integrative Cardiology (JIC), Clinical Cardiology, Issue Journal of Interventional Cardiology, Journal of Interventional Cardiology


Echocardiography or echo is a painless test that uses sound waves to create moving pictures of your heart. The pictures show the size and shape of your heart. They also show how well your heart's chambers and valves are working. Echo also can pinpoint areas of heart muscle that aren't contracting well because of poor blood flow or injury from a previous heart attack. A type of echo called Doppler ultrasound shows how well blood flows through your heart's chambers and valves.Echo can detect possible blood clots inside the heart, fluid buildup in the pericardium (the sac around the heart), and problems with the aorta. The aorta is the main artery that carries oxygen-rich blood from your heart to your body. Doctors also use echo to detect heart problems in infants and children.

Related Journals of Echocardiography:

Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, Echocardiography, Journal of echocardiography, European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging, European Heart Journal, European Journal of Echocardiography, Cardiovascular Ultrasound (Open access), Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, Critical Care Ultrasound (WINFOCUS-Open Access), Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging


Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cerebrovascular insult (CVI), or brain attack, occurs when there is poor blood flow to the brain resulting in cell death. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic due to lack of blood flow and hemorrhagic due to bleeding. Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, feeling like the world is spinning, or loss of vision to one side among others. Signs and symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. If symptoms last less than one or two hours it is known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Hemorrhagic strokes may also be associated with a severe headache. The symptoms of a stroke can be permanent. Long term complications may include pneumonia or loss of bladder control.

Related Journals of Stroke:

Stroke, Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, International Journal of Stroke, Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, Translational Stroke Research, Experimental and Translational Stroke Medicine, Stroke Research and Treatment, Journal of Experimental Stroke and Translational medicine, Seminars in Cerebrovascular Diseases and Stroke, Jsournal of Neurological Disorders & Stroke


Arrhythmia is a problem related to heart with its beat. In Arrhythmic conditions, the heart can beat too fast, too slow, or with an irregular rhythm. A heartbeat that is too fast is called tachycardia. A heartbeat that is too slow is called bradycardia. Most arrhythmias are harmless, but some can be serious or even life threatening. During an arrhythmia, the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to the body. Lack of blood flow can damage the brain, heart, and other organs.

Related Journals of Arrhythmia:

Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Journal of Arrhythmia, European Heart Journal, The New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of Medical Case Reports, Chinese Journal of Cardiac Arrhythmias, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Cardiology Research and Practice, Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review

Nuclear Cardiology

Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and determine the severity of or to treat diseases, likewise different type of cancers, heart disease, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological disorders and other abnormalities within the body. Cardiac nuclear medicine is useful in diagnosing and assessing coronary artery disease. It is also used to evaluate cardiomyopathy and identify possible damage to the heart from chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Nuclear medicine imaging procedures are noninvasive and, with the exception of intravenous injections, are usually painless medical tests that help physicians diagnose and evaluate medical conditions.

Related Journals of nuclear cardiology:

Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, ACC Current Journal Review, Acta Medica Austriaca, Acta Medica Misericordiæ (Brazil), Amedeo Heart Failure, American College of Cardiologists Journal, American Heart Journal, American Journal of Cardiology, Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation or AF is the most common type of arrhythmia. AF occurs if rapid, disorganized electrical signals cause the heart's two upper chambers - called the atria to fibrillate. The term "fibrillate" means to contract very fast and irregularly. The term "fibrillate" means to contract very fast and irregularly. In AF, blood pools in the atria. It isn't pumped completely into the heart's two lower chambers, called the ventricles. As a result, the heart's upper and lower chambers don't work together as they should. If AF is unnoticed, it can increase the risk of stroke. In some people, AF can cause chest pain or heart failure, especially if the heart rhythm is very rapid.

Related Journals of Atrial Fibrillation:

Journal of Atrial Fibrillation, The American Journal of Medicine Home, Continuing Education in Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain, The Medical Journal of Australia, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, The New England Journal of Medicine, American Journal of Nursing, American Journal of Cardiology, Journal of Arrhythmia, Journal of Intensive Care

Cardiovascular Imaging

Cardiovascular Imaging is visualization of the heart structure and cardiac blood flow for diagnostic evaluation or to guide cardiac procedures via techniques including endoscopy (cardiac endoscopy, sometimes refered to as cardioscopy), radionuclide imaging; magnetic resonance imaging; tomography; or ultrasonography. It is used to detect various heart conditions, ranging from plaque in the arteries that supply the heart muscle (known as coronary artery disease) to abnormalities that impair the ability of the heart to pump blood.

Related Journals of Cardiovascular Imaging:

JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports. Cardiovascular Imaging, Open Cardiovascular Imaging Journal, American Journal of Cardiology, Journal of Cardiology, Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (JCCT)

Geriatric Cardiology

Cardiogeriatrics or geriatric cardiology is the branch of cardiology and geriatric medicine that deals with the cardiovascular disorders in elderly people. Cardiac disorders as coronary heart disease (including myocardial infarction, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias (as atrial fibrillation) and others are common and are a major cause of mortality in elderly people. Vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis and peripheral arterial disease cause significant morbidity and mortality in aged people. The geriatric cardiologist has come to see the cardiovascular system within a perspective of an aging body that is likely to be frail, noncompliant, disorganized, and confused, experiencing impaired function of several organ systems (particularly the kidney), and damage from earlier diseases.

Related Journals of Geriatric Cardiology:

American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology, Journal of Geriatric Cardiology, American Heart Journal, British Journal of Cardiology, Cardiology in the Elderly, European Cardiology, Cardiology International, Russian Journal of Cardiology Basic Research in Cardiology, Cardiology

Cardiac Transplantation

Heart transplantation is the procedure by which, a failing heart is replaced with another heart from a suitable donor. It is generally reserved for patients with end-stage congestive heart failure (CHF) who are estimated to have less than 1 year to live without the transplant and who are not candidates for or have not been helped by conventional medical therapy. . Post-operation survival periods average 15 years.Heart transplantation is not considered to be a cure for heart disease, but a life-saving treatment intended to improve the quality of life for recipients.

Related Journals of Cardiac Transplantation:

The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Circulation, American Journal of Transplantation, Heart and Vessels, Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care, Congestive Heart Failure, Journal of the American Heart Association, Heart Asia, Journal of the Hoffman Heart Institute of Connecticut, World journal for pediatric & congenital heart surgery


Hypercholesterolemia is a condition characterized by very high levels of blood cholesterol. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that is produced in the body and obtained from foods that come from animals (particularly egg yolks, meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products). The body needs this substance to build cell membranes, make certain hormones, and produce compounds that aid in fat digestion. Too much of cholesterol, however increases a person's risk of developing heart disease. People with hypercholesterolemia have a high risk of developing a form of heart disease called coronary artery disease. This condition occurs when excess cholesterol in the bloodstream is deposited in the walls of blood vessels, particularly in the arteries that supply blood to the heart (coronary arteries). The abnormal buildup of cholesterol forms clumps (plaque) that narrow and harden artery walls. As the clumps get bigger, they can clog the arteries and restrict the flow of blood to the heart. The buildup of plaque in coronary arteries causes a form of chest pain called angina and greatly increases a person's risk of having a heart attack.

Related Journals of Hypercholesterolemia:

Journal of Inflammation, American Journal of Epidemiology, European Heart Journal, Journal of Lipid Research, Circulation, Blood, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Journal of Hypertension, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, American Journal of Hypertension


Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases of the heart muscle. These diseases have a variety of causes, symptoms, and treatments. In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick, or rigid. In rare cases, the muscle tissue in the heart is replaced with scar tissue.As cardiomyopathy worsens, the heart becomes weaker. It's less able to pump blood through the body and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. This can lead to heart failure or arrhythmia. In turn, heart failure can cause fluid to build up in the lungs, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen.The weakening of the heart also can cause other severe complications, such as heart valve problems.

Related Journals of Cardiomyopathy:

Circulation, The New England Journal of Medicine, Hellenic Journal of Cardiology, Critical Pathways in Cardiology, British Journal of Cardiology, Cardiology Research and Practice, Journal of Clinical and Basic Cardiology, Chinese Journal of Cardiology, Journal of Geriatric Cardiology, Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements

International Journal of Cardiovascular Research is organizing & supporting 6th International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology during Nov 30 - Dec 02, 2015 San Antonio, USA with the theme of One Step Further: Towards Cardio Research.

*Unofficial 2014 Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2012 and 2013 with the number of times they are cited in 2014 based on Google search and the Scholar Citation Index database. If ‘X’ is the total number of articles published in 2012 and 2013, and ‘Y’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2014 than, impact factor = Y/X

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