A concept that was formerly used to explain addiction as the result of pre-existing character defects in individuals. This hypothesis states that there are common elements among people with varying addictions that relates to personality traits. Various addictive disorders includes the following.
Drug abuse or substance abuse is a disorder characterised by excessive use of habit forming drugs or misuse of over the counter medicine, illegal use of drugs which in turn leads to severe addiction and dependence with many negative consequences, drug addiction is a chronic illness with relapse rates similar to those of hypertension, diabetes, and asthma.
Sedative is a substance which induces sedation by minimizing excitement and irritability. Some sedatives can cause dependence when used for long period of time. The best known sedatives are benzodiazepine and barbiturates. Food addiction is a behavioral addiction characterised by compulsive need to eat and excessive consumption of high sugary and fat food. Opioid Addiction is a medical condition where there is an excessive use of opioids like codeine, morphine, opium, oxycodone, hydrocodone and heroin. Addiction to prescription painkillers is also an opioid addiction; Opiates are legitimately used for treating pain.