Emergency medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with evaluation and initial treatment of conditions resulting from trauma or sudden illness. The patient’s condition is stabilized and care is transferred to the primary physician or to a specialist.
Emergency medicine focuses on the immediate decision making and action necessary to prevent death or any further disability both in the pre-hospital setting by directing emergency medical technicians and in the emergency department.
The practice is primarily hospital emergency department-based, but with extensive pre-hospital responsibilities for emergency medical systems. The care provided by the emergency physician is episodic in nature and involves a full spectrum of physical and behavioral conditions.