The key to survival of any organism lies on their ability to reproduce. Initiation of life with a single cell and eventually growing to an infant with time conceals many secrets and surprises of nature.
Reproductive biology is an important branch of life sciences with further extends to obstetrics, gynecology and pediatrics. With time and advancement of scientific understanding each of these sub disciplines has grown to a major discipline by themselves.
The subject pediatrics deals with the medical aspects in the formative years of an infant following the child birth. Several medical and social issues are interrelated with pediatrics which broadly encompasses neonatology, pediatric psychiatry, allergy and dermatology, neurology, oncology, cardiology, ophthalmology, pulmonology, infectious diseases in infants, nephrology, neonatal critical care, neonatal nursing, medical and social aspects of breast feeding, neonatal jaundice etc.
The smaller body of neonate or an infant is physiologically different from that of an adult. Pediatric medicine is nothing but a specially designed medicine especially for infants and children. Pediatric medicine is the combination of both pediatrics and emergency medicine. Congenital defects, genetic variance, and developmental issues are of greater concern to all pediatricians who are dealing pediatric medicine