Perioperative care involves preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative. It provides better conditions for patients before operation, during operation, and after operation. This period is used to prepare the patient both physically and psychologically for the surgical procedure and after surgery.
More than a third of all surgical procedures are performed in individuals older than age 65 years. Use of less-invasive procedures is also increasing. With advancements in technology, coronary angioplasty and lower-extremity endovascular procedures have surpassed rates of coronary artery bypass grafting and lower-extremity bypass.