Sleep medicine is a medical specialty or subspecialty devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of sleep disturbances. Sleep medicine studies has provided increasing knowledge and answered many questions about sleep-wake functioning. Sleep disorder can affect your overall health, quality and safety of life. With accurate diagnosis, doctors can treat most sleep disorders effectively; Good sleep hygiene is regarded as a component of good health.
During sleep the brain in humans and other mammals undergoes a characteristic cycle of brain-wave activity that includes intervals of dreaming. Many medical conditions can lead to a disrupted sleep or excess day time sleepiness.
The medicine used to help sleep are Sedatives and hypnotic agents they are Valium, Ambien, Xanax, Restoril, and Sonata.