Life is dependent on basic elements such air and water. But the same natural elements also convey death for almost all organisms on earth which are reflected as air or water borne diseases. Human being is highly susceptible to such infections where an array or air and water borne diseases are being encountered by us almost on a regular basis. Depending on the global climate change; prevalence of the type of disease differs from one climatic zone to other. The present global disease monitoring reveals that there is a steep rise and alteration in disease epidemiology which is directly or indirectly related to climate change and associated environmental factors. Waterborne diseases are initiated by pathogenic microorganisms that most generally are transmitted in polluted crisp water. Tainting generally comes about throughout showering, washing, drinking, in the arrangement of sustenance, or the utilization of nourishment in this manner spoiled. Different types of waterborne diarrheal ailment most likely are the most unmistakable samples, and influence essentially youngsters in developing nations; consistent with the World Health Organization, such sickness represents an expected 4.1% of the aggregate worldwide load of health disorder leading to the death of 1.8 million human yearly. The World Health Organization gauges that 88% of that trouble is attributable to hazardous water supply, sanitation and hygiene. The expression "waterborne Diseases" is held generally for contaminations that dominatingly are transmitted through contact with or utilization of contaminated water. Inconsequentially, numerous contaminations could be transmitted by microorganisms or parasites that incidentally, perhaps as an after-effect of uncommon circumstances, had got into water. It is a regular practice to attribute jungle fever as "waterborne" because mosquitoes have oceanic stages in their existence cycles. Microorganisms creating sicknesses that distinctively are waterborne noticeably incorporate protozoa and microscopic organisms, a large number of which are intestinal parasites, or attack the tissues or circulatory framework through dividers of the digestive tract. Different other waterborne ailments are created by infections.