Journal of Ergonomics Research

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Accident Prevalence Related to Psychosocial Risk Factors for Northeast of Iran Workers: COPSOQ-III Index of Persian Version

Background: Most of psychologists and midwifery centers are trying to control the anxiety and stress in pregnant and nursing mothers.

Aim: We provided the investigation to assess the effect of global pandemic of a viral infectious on mothers’ anxiety.

Method: The present cross-sectional investigation, performed among three groups of Iranian women including 89 pregnant, 66 lactating and 105 non pregnant milking mothers as the "control group". The Spielberger Anxiety Scale (STAI) was used to assess the anxiety level during COVID-19 pandemic and to compare the knowledge effect on anxiety, we designed a 14 items questionnaire about COVID-19.

Findings: The extracted results from showed that the mean score of STAI was moderate to severe level (42.4 to 51 score) in all groups. The state anxiety was significantly meaningful between groups (P=0.03). The linear association between knowledge about COVID-19 and anxiety of mothers have revers significant relation (P=0.004).

Discussion: Developing the knowledge of mothers can affect their anxiety and is possible with intervention by counselors and social media. It can control the state of social anxiety, too.

Conclusions: The results demonstrated that the anxiety scale was significantly moderate to severe among all pregnant women. State anxiety is meaningful for the groups and had significant relation to their knowledge about COVID-19. As the participants are exposed to external anxiety factors such as income. The results can be used in midwifery counseling educations to ease the anxiety of mothers during pandemics.

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