Assessment of Various Surgical Techniques of Obstructive Urolithiasis in Male Goat
Introduction: Condition of urethral blockage by stone/calculi, is common in many countries of the world, including Pakistan. Urolithiasis is a condition having multifactorial causes in which the urinary tract develops tiny calculi, or the production of "stones" or agglomerate of mucin, protein, and minerals ions in the urinary tract. It is the frequent and irritating condition in male small ruminants especially buck.
Methods and materials: Google Scholar, Pub Med, Scopus, Embase, and Medline were searched. The search was performed with keywords calculi, urolithiasis, recurrence, diet, Perineal urethrostomy, tube cystotomy, prepubic cystostomy with search limits of the above year 2010, and free full-text articles. On keywords, approximately 30+ published articles are retrieved, out of which almost 15+ articles are chosen for review.
Conclusions: Because the ailment has a history of recurrence following any surgical treatment, it's advisable to stick to the recommended diet and proper management.