Carbon-Based Supported Catalysts for Biomass Conversion
The use of a supported heterogeneous catalyst makes the process more efficient and economically feasible in many applications. The support materials provide a physical surface for dispersion or binding of active catalyst components. The final catalytic properties depend on the combination of the type of catalyst components and supportive material [1,2]. Lignocellulosic biomass is an alternative to petroleum for the production of biofuels and chemicals and is increasingly recognized as a valuable material; however, the high cost of conversion technologies hinders its use as an economical alternative to petroleum.