Comparative Effect of Sodium Chloride and Sodium Sulfate on the Biomass and Quantitative Changes in Starch, Protein and Total Soluble Sugar in Pea Seeds.(Pisum Sativum L.)
Premise of the Research: The nature of soil is very important factor in the growth and development of a crop. Crop plants suffer a decline in growth and yield, when exposed to saline condition. Pea considers one of the main leguminous crops, due to its ability to produce significant quantities of protein, carbohydrates and nutrient rich seeds. Plants were subjected to four salt treatments, 4, 8, 12 and 16 mmhos/cm of Sodium Chloride and Sodium Sulfate and the Biomass and biochemical responses were measured.
Methodology: All growth attributes such as stem, root and leaf fresh and dry weight decrease with the salinities doses increased. 4 mmhos/cm of both, salt treatment were no significant effects on the Biomass and Quantitative changes in Starch, Protein and Soluble sugar in seeds of pea, but an evident from the data.
Pivotal Results: It was noted that the, starch contents were much reduced in16 mmhos/cm, salinity level of Sodium Chloride and Sodium Sulfate as compared to control. The protein content and sugar content value were increased in higher concentration of Sodium Chloride and Sodium sulfate, when compared to control in Pea, CV. Azad P-1. Proline content increased with salt stress up to 8mmhos/cm in CV.Azad P-1.
Conclusions: It was observed that the high dose of sodium sulfate is declined Biomass and Quantitative changes in starch, than that of sodium chloride solution in pea seeds.