Diabetes and Cardiovascular Risk: Challenges and Opportunities
Diabetes has already reached epidemic proportions in 2010, with an estimated 284.6 million adults (aged 20–79 years) worldwide, accounting for 6.4% of the global adult population. However, the prevalence of diabetes has increased by 15% since 20072, with forecasts estimating that 438.4 million persons would have diabetes in 2030, up 54% from 2010 . Diabetes is on the rise as a result of lifestyle-related issues (such as nutrition, lack of exercise, and obesity), and it is now recognized as one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), stroke, neuropathy, renal impairment, retinopathy, and blindness are all common diabetic consequences. More than a third of persons born in the United States in the year 2000 will get diabetes 2, and type 2 diabetes is becoming more common at an earlier age . The rising prevalence of diabetes and its consequences, as well as the disease's early onset, would significantly raise current healthcare costs. As a result, diabetes will surely become a global public health disaster in the twenty-first century .