Journal of Biodiversity Management & ForestryISSN: 2327-4417

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Identify Appropriate Conservation Strategies for Rural People in Bangladesh

Identify Appropriate Conservation Strategies for Rural People in Bangladesh

This study analyzes biodiversity, related socio‑economic effects and the perception of rural people about conservation strategies at three conservation areas (Chunati wildlife sanctuary, Sitakunda eco‑park, Dulahazara safari park) in Bangladesh. 75 sample plots were used to collect data on mature tree species and regeneration. By means of questionnaires the demands and perceptions of rural people living close to the conservation areas have been observed. In total 46 tree families have been identified with 159 varieties of tree species in all three study areas. Chunati wildlife sanctuary had the highest mean basal area with 53.9 m2/ha, and species diversity was highest in Sitakunda eco‑park with a diversity index of 5.84. Although small scale farming was the main income source for all people in the past, the implemented in‑situ conservation strategies increased employment opportunities and turnover/ capita. 61% of all respondents were strongly satisfied about the socio‑economic effects caused by the conservation strategies.

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