VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant ResearchOnline ISSN: 2229-4473
Print ISSN: 0970-4078

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Impact of Plant Protection Activities on Production and Productivity of Crops in Jammu Region (J&K), India

Impact of Plant Protection Activities on Production and Productivity of Crops in Jammu Region (J&K), India

The impact of plant protection activities conducted during 2010-11 to 2015-16 was studied based on individual interactions as well as Focused Group Discussion (FGD) of 100 farmers in Reasi district of J&k, India. Their response to a pre-defined questionnaire indicated that the activities enhanced the intensity of crop substitution, escalated Seed Replacement Rate (SRR) with intensification of input use. Improved crop production and productivity with reduced production cost and also enhanced profit margin with other short term effect of the programmes. Under performance of technologies tested in OFTs for management of Chili wilt diseases was recorded 22.5% less disease incidence with 24.5% yield advantage over control, 20% yield enhanced over control in management of red pumpkin beetle in bottle gourd, 25% less rotting with 35%yield advantage over control in IDM module for rhizome rot management in ginger, 10.5% additional yield over control in loose smut disease management in wheat and 45.5% additional yield over control in yellow rust disease management in wheat. Performance of Front Line Demonstrations on plant protection activities conducted by KVK, Reasi during 2010- 11 to 2015-16 showed 15.5% more yield than the local practice no spraying of pesticides with reduced wilt incidence under IDM for wilt management in tomato. The demonstration has exhibited 25.5% more yield than the local practice (not use of pesticides) of IDM in Chilli wilt, the demonstrated fungicides exhibited 20.5% higher yield than un sprayed crop under yellow rust disease management in wheat. The varieties i.e. PBW-175 exhibited 25.5% higher yield than the local check under yellow rust disease of wheat tolerant varieties. The demonstration has exhibited 34.5% more yield than the local practice under IDM modules for rhizome rot management in ginger. Under plant protection activities on productivity of crops over time under rainfed condition exhibited in maize in 2010-11 there was only 14 qt/ha yields of maize var. Double Deklab which increased up to 26 qt/ha in 2015-16 after KVK interventions. So, there was increased 85.71 % in the yield. Similarly, there was enhanced 71.42% yield of maize var. Bio seed in the same duration. There was enhanced in 64.28% and 85.71 % of wheat yield of varieties PBW-175 and Raj- 3765 respectively during the same period. The increase in yield of mash variety Uttara was 37.50%, lentil var. L-4147 65.71%, mustard var. RSPR-01 51.11% and Oat var. Kent 86.25% respectively in the same year. Development of professionalism and entrepreneurship resulting in enriched socio economic status of farmers were also indicated. The productivity of crops was found to be influenced ..

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