Journal of Ergonomics Research

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Investigating the Relationship between Musculoskeletal Disorders and Burnout Syndrome among Ems Personnel in Mazandaran Province Hospitals

Background and aims: The main objective of this research was finding the relations between musculoskeletal disorders and job burnout among pre-hospital emergency staff that supervised by Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.

Methods:  In this study, 224 individual were selected randomly in 2016 from 365 pre-hospital emergency staff, supervised by Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Socio-demographic, Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Maslach job burnout questionnaire were applied as research tools. SPSS v.19.0 software and statistical techniques such as t-test, and ANOVA were employed to analyzing the data.

Results: Moderate levels of severity and frequency of feelings of depersonalization and lack of personal accomplishment and high levels of emotional exhaustion reported. Also, work-related musculoskeletal disorders were also at high level. It was found that there is a significant relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and job burnout. Significant differences among the three components of burnout with an emphasis on "marriage" and "work experience" was determined.

Conclusion: Job burnout and work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) of pre-hospital emergency staff is in the high level in order to the harmful nature of their jobs. Emergency managers and physicians have lower depression in comparison with other groups because of their low physical pressure. Further to the stressful nature of emergency job without concerning the job position, whole of the staff have high musculoskeletal disorders. It is necessary for the proper authorities to track and providing the necessary solutions in terms of economic, environmental, management and staff people, to help them.

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