VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant ResearchOnline ISSN: 2229-4473
Print ISSN: 0970-4078

Leaves Micromorphological Characteristics of Opisthopappus taihangensis and Opisthopappus longilobus from Taihang Mountain, China

Leaves Micromorphological Characteristics of Opisthopappus taihangensis and Opisthopappus longilobus from Taihang Mountain, China

The micromorphological characteristics of Opisthopappus taihangensis and Opisthopappus longilobus leaves were observed using scanning electron microscope and was found that they differ in characteristics and density of glandular hairs, size and density of stomata, pattern of anticlinal wall, wax characteristics, size and density of salt vesicles. These differences mainly resulted from the microenvironment heterogeneity of these two species or different populations. The micromorphological characteristics of the leaves, stomata and salt vesicles could be regarded as important classification traits for O. taihangensis and O. longilobus. Correlation analysis indicated that there was a significant relationship between morphological characteristics, longitude and latitude. According to principal component analysis, the highest contribution came from the density of glandular hairs. All the 13 populations of Opisthopappus were gathered into two clusters based on the microstructural characteristics of their leaves. Three populations of O. longilobus were not gathered into a single cluster, but with different populations of O. taihangensis.

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