Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography ISSN: 2324-8661

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Marine Bacteria Potential for Biodegradation of Plastic Wastes

The vast majority of our planet is constantly frigid (below than 5?) and uninhabitable by humans. The reason for this is that seawater covers more than 70% of the Earth's surface, largely in the Deep Ocean, and two-thirds of it has a surprisingly consistent temperature of around 2?. Bacteria may, however, survive in these unfavourable environments. Microbial communities that are resistant to such environments may exhibit a variety of characteristics. The capacity to breakdown plastic is increasingly highlighted among a variety of microbiological skills in cold environments. The growing volume of plastic garbage flowing into the oceans was thought to create a new substratum for benthic life. Plastic releases dissolved organic carbon into saltwater, which stimulates the activity of heterotrophic bacteria. Microorganisms can develop new characteristics as a result of their adaptation to new carbon sources, particularly in the development of cold-active enzymes.

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