VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant ResearchOnline ISSN: 2229-4473
Print ISSN: 0970-4078

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Mycobiota in Camel Fodder and Natural Occurrence of Aflatoxins in Saudi Arabia

Mycobiota in Camel Fodder and Natural Occurrence of Aflatoxins in Saudi Arabia

The purpose of this study was to determine the contamination of aflatoxigenic fungi in camel fodder. The results indicated that the fungi detected were almost the same but differed in the percentage of incidence. Alternaria alternata, A. solani, A. tennius, Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, A. ochraceoroseus, A. oryzae, A. parasiticus, A. japonicus, A. carbonarius, Fusarium solani, F. oxysporum, F. semitectum, F. ventricosum, Helminthosporium sativum, H. Carbonum, Mucor javanicus, Phoma herbarum, Rhizopus oryzae, Rhizopus japonicas, Trichoderma harzianum, Penicillium funiculosum and R. solani were isolated from different camel fodder. A highest amount of aflatoxins were obtained in Rhodes grass (15.577μg/100g) followed by compound feed (6.687μg/100g) and barley (5.453μg/100g). Twenty nine aflatoxigenic fungi isolated fodder, most isolates were capable of producing detectable levels of some types AFs. The highest amount of total AFs (5.904μg/100ml) was recovered from a culture of A. parasiticus (isolate 3- T6) followed by 5.244μg/100ml) was obtained from A. flavus (isolate 20- R5).

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