International Journal of Cardiovascular ResearchISSN: 2324-8602

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Nitric Oxide/Peroxynitrite Imbalance in Dysfunctional Endothelium�Clinical Implications

A dysfunctional endothelium is a common denominator of several cardiovascular diseases, including: hypertension, atherosclerosis, heart failure, diabetes, obesity and aging. Normal functioning endothelium mainly produces cytoprotective vasorelaxant, nitric oxide (NO) and traces of the cytotoxic vasoconstrictor, peroxynitrite (ONOO-). However, in dysfunctional endothelium, these proportions are reversed. The recent development of nanomedical systems allows for the simultaneous measurements, in situ, of small biomolecules like NO, ONOO- and superoxide (O2- in single a cell. NO is produced from L-arginine and O2 by a dimeric form of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). However, destabilized/uncoupled eNOS dimer in dysfunctional endothelium can concomitantly produce O2- and NO. NO is a rapid scavenger of O2- to generate ONOO-, one of the most powerful oxidants in the cardiovascular system. ONOO- can also trigger a cascade of events leading to nitrosylation, nitration, apoptosis, necrosis,lipid peroxidation, enzyme inactivation and DNA modification.

Special Features

Full Text


Track Your Manuscript

Media Partners