Journal of Biodiversity Management & ForestryISSN: 2327-4417

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Research Article, J Biodivers Manage Forestry Vol: 3 Issue: 1

Assessment of Elephant (Elephas Maximus) Mortality along Palakkad-Coimbatore Railway Stretch of Kerala and Tamil Nadu Using Geospatial Technology

Nidhi Jha, Kiranmay Sarma* and Prodyut Bhattacharya
School of Environment Management, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi, India
Corresponding author : Dr. Kiranmay Sarma
School of Environment Management, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Sector 16C, Dwarka, New Delhi 10078, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 17, 2013 Accepted: March 21, 2014 Published: March 25, 2014
Citation: Jha N, Sarma K, Bhattacharya P (2014) Assessment of Elephant (Elephas Maximus) Mortality along Palakkad-Coimbatore Railway Stretch of Kerala and Tamil Nadu Using Geospatial Technology. J Biodivers Manage Forestry 3:1. doi:10.4172/2327-4417.1000121

Abstract

Assessment of Elephant (Elephas Maximus) Mortality along Palakkad-Coimbatore Railway Stretch of Kerala and Tamil Nadu Using Geospatial Technology

Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) are facing serious threats due to the train-hits and a major concern for the environmentalists and common man. Habitat fragmentation, degradation of habitat quality, forest cover loss and lacking in management of physical barriers could be attributed for these accidents. The present study is carried out in Palakkad- Coimbatore railway sector of Tamil Nadu and Kerala states of India to find out the problem sites of incidents using landscape matrices, detection of changes in land use/ cover using temporal remote sensing data and its relation with human elephant conflict and to predict the future scenario based on the present findings. The study reveals that there are noticeable conversion of forests from dense to open (7.12% and 2.75%) during 1989 to 1999 and 1999 to 2012. During 1989 to 1999 and 1999 to 2012 about 5 and 2 percent of the dense forests were changed to other non-forest type,
respectively.

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