Journal of Defense Studies and Resource Management ISSN: 2324-9315

Peer reviewed article on Military constructions & renovations

Fortifications are military constructions designed to defense the territories in warfare, and is used to solidify rule in a region during peace time. Humans have constructed defensive works for many thousands of years, in a variety of increasingly complex designs. castramentation is an art of setting out a military camp or constructing a fortification. Fortification is divided into two branches: permanent fortification and field fortification. Semi-permanent fortification is an intermediate branch of fortification. Castles are fortifications which are regarded as distinct fort or fortress that describes a residence of a monarch or a noble. In 19th century the explosive shells had arrived which led to- another stage in evolution of fortification. The older fort walls did not fare well against the effects of high explosive the re were rapid disruptions by the explosive shells. Later steel and concrete fortifications cam into existence in 19th and 20th centuries. Demilitarized zones along borders are arguably another type of fortification, although a passive kind, providing a buffer between potentially hostile militaries. Peer review is used by publishers and editors of academic / scholarly journals to ensure that the articles they publish meet the accepted standards of their discipline. The Manuscripts will be considered for publication after the acceptance of independent experts/reviewers/editors in the same field. The experts evaluate the quality & reliability of findings, relevance to the field, appropriateness for the journal. Journal of Defense Studies & Resource Management emerges as a best indexed, hybrid journal with impact factor compared to other competitive journals focusing on Military constructions & Major renovations by bringing up the recent research to global scientific community through its publications. The papers submitted are undergone through perfect plagiarism checks, later peer reviewed by the expert group and published after through revisions.

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