Journal of Defense Studies and Resource Management ISSN: 2324-9315

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Scholarly articles on Military constructions & Major renovations

Fortifications are military constructions designed to defense the territories in warfare, and is used to solidify rule in a region during peace time. Humans have constructed defensive works for many thousands of years, in a variety of increasingly complex designs. castramentation is an art of setting out a military camp or constructing a fortification. Fortification is divided into two branches: permanent fortification and field fortification. Semi-permanent fortification is an intermediate branch of fortification. Castles are fortifications which are regarded as distinct fort or fortress that describes a residence of a monarch or a noble. In 19th century the explosive shells had arrived which led to- another stage in evolution of fortification. The older fort walls did not fare well against the effects of high explosive the re were rapid disruptions by the explosive shells. Later steel and concrete fortifications cam into existence in 19th and 20th centuries. Demilitarized zones along borders are arguably another type of fortification, although a passive kind, providing a buffer between potentially hostile militaries. A scholarly article is based on original research or findings. Scholarly article is generally written by a researcher or expert in the field who is affiliated with an educational institution such as college or a university. Scholarly writings include footnotes or bibliography as references for the study. It also includes graphs or charts as illustrations as opposed to glossy pictures. In addition, articles that appear in scholarly journals or book that is published by academic presses are subject to a peer-review process, which means that other experts or specialist in the field would evaluate the quality and originality of the research as precondition of publication. Journal of Defense Studies & Resource Management emerges as a best indexed, hybrid journal with impact factor compared to other competitive journals focusing on Military constructions & Major renovations by bringing up the recent research to global scientific community through its publications. The papers submitted are undergone through perfect plagiarism checks, later peer reviewed by the expert group and published after through revisions.