International Journal of Cardiovascular ResearchISSN: 2324-8602

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Research Article, Int J Cardiovasc Res Vol: 2 Issue: 6

Implications of Hemodialysis in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Jimmy T. Efird1,2*, Wesley T. O’Neal1, Catherine A. Gouge1, Linda C. Kindell1, Whitney L. Kennedy1, Paul Bolin, Jr.3, Jason B. O’Neal4, Curtis A. Anderson1, EvelioRodriguez5, T. Bruce Ferguson1, W. Randolph Chitwood1 and Alan P. Kypson1
1Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, East Carolina Heart Institute, 115 Heart Drive, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
2Center for Health Disparity Research, East Carolina University, USA
3Department of Internal of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension. Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
4Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
5Saint Thomas Heart Hospital, Nashville, TN, USA
Corresponding author : Jimmy T. Efird
Director, Epidemiology and Outcomes Research Unit, East Carolina Heart Institute, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, 115 Heart Drive, Greenville, NC 27834 USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: January 22, 2013 Accepted: March 08, 2013 Published: March 13, 2013
Citation: Efird JT, O’Neal1 WT, Gouge CA, Kindell LC, Kennedy WL, et al. (2013) Implications of Hemodialysis in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. Int J Cardiovasc Res 2:6. doi:10.4172/2324-8602.1000154

Abstract

Implications of Hemodialysis in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States has steadily risen over the past 20 years due to the increasing number of obese individuals with diabetes and hypertension. During this period, the prevalence of CKD stages 1-4 increased by 31%. Additionally, the number of individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring hemodialysis (HD) has increased from 209,000 to 472,000. Patients with ESRD have a greater than 5-fold increased risk for all-cause mortality and a 3-fold increased risk for cardiovascular-related mortality.

Keywords: Hemodialysis; CABG; Survival

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