Journal of Nanomaterials & Molecular NanotechnologyISSN: 2324-8777

Nanomaterials

The technology that involves the designing and production of very small objects or structures (products) those ranged at very small scale, on the level of 100 nanometers is called Nanotechnology. Nanomaterials are one of the main objects or structures that are designed and produced by Nanotechnologies at the size level of approximately 1-100 nanometers. Nanomaterial research is a field that takes a materials science-based approach on nanotechnology, studying the materials with morphological features on the nanoscale. Nanomaterials can be ceramics, metals, composite materials or polymeric materials. These Nanomaterials may be in the form Nanofibers, Nanoparticles, Nanorods or Nanotubes. Over the past decade, Nanomaterials have been of enormous interest with their potential properties and for their wide-ranging biomedical, industrial, and electronic applications. The small size makes the material both promising and challenging. The properties that nanomaterials have make them very promising and potentially applicable in many fields. With the developing technology, nanomaterials show uses in electronics, defense, textiles, cosmetics, healthcare, information technology and environmental protection. The market value of the nanomaterials or the nanotechnologies has been increasing. Nanomaterials are of two types: Natural Nanomaterials and Synthetic Nanomaterials. Despite increased interest in the Nanomaterial research over past decade, Nanomaterials have been around for millions of years. Natural Nanomaterials are the naturally occurring nanomaterials belonging to the Nature world with remarkable properties due to inherit nanostructures. There is no need of human modification or processing. For Examples include: Lotus leaf (Self-cleaning effect due to the wax crystals covering the leaf), spider and spider-mite silk, water striders, etc. Synthetic Nanomaterials are the structure produced after extensive human modification or processing.

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