Journal of Spine & NeurosurgeryISSN: 2325-9701

Neuro immunology

Neuroimmunology is a field combining neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunologists seek to better understand the interactions of these two complex systems during development, homeostasis, and response to injuries. A long-term goal of this rapidly developing research area is to further develop our understanding of the pathology of certain neurological diseases, some of which have no clear etiology. In doing so, neuroimmunology contributes to development of new pharmacological treatments for several neurological conditions. Many types of interactions involve both the nervous and immune systems including but not limited to the physiological functioning of the two systems in both health and disease, malfunction of either and or both systems that leads to disorders, and the physical, chemical, and environmental stressors that affect the two systems on a daily basis. The Department of Neuroimmunology is a unique facility in the United Kingdom both in terms of service provision and as a research centre. It conducts analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for the Trust a vital service that allows the rapid and accurate diagnosis of a multitude of acute and chronic neurological diseases. Neuroimmunology research identifies antibody-mediated neurological diseases which can be effectively treated with immunotherapies. Neuroimmunological disorders consist of diseases in which the immune system seems to attack the nervous system (central or peripheral). At Atlantic Neuroscience Institute at Morristown Medical Center and Overlook Medical Center, neurological specialists provide expert, compassionate diagnosis and treatment of conditions, such as: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis Multiple sclerosis Neuromyelitis optica Transverse myelitis Diagnosis of neuroimmunological disorders requires detailed clinical evaluation and appropriately targeted diagnostic testing, such as neurophysiologic testing, neuro-imaging, blood tests and sometimes cerebrospinal fluid assessment. Treatment usually targets the abnormal.

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