Neurotology research aims to innovate the whole methodology and instrumentation to treat neurological disorders. Being a sub-specialty of otolaryngology (ENT), Neurotology is closely related to otology. It deals with neurological disorders that affect the ears and other structures of the head. Neurotologists are physicians who have specialized in otolaryngology and then further specialized in neurological conditions of the ear, related structures, and lateral Skull Base Surgery. Neurotologists specialize in the effects of the brain and nervous system on the ears, face, and throat. Conditions treated by the specialty include hearing loss, balance issues, and facial paralysis.