Biodiversity Management & ForestryISSN: 2327-4417

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Review Article, J Biodivers Manage Forestry Vol: 5 Issue: 4

A Review on Status of Conservation and Sustainable Use of Sorghum Genetic Resources in Sudan

Maha ZeinElabdein Gaffer Omer1*, El Tahir Ibrahim Mohamed2, Mashaer Obeid Yosif Goda2, Nawal Sidahmed Zeenalabdeen3 and Rehab Yassian Nimir3
1Cereals Research Centre, Agricultural Research Corporation, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Sudan
2Agricultural Plant Genetic resources Conservation and Research Centre, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Sudan
3Ministry of Agriculture and Forest, Food Security Technical Secretariat, Sudan
Corresponding author : Maha ZeinElabdein Gaffer Omer
Cereals Research Centre, Agricultural Research Corporation, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Sudan
Tel: +249 9 113 922 59 & +249 114 303 528
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 04, 2016 Accepted: January 02, 2017 Published: January 02, 2017
Citation: Omer MZG, Mohamed ETI, Goda MOI, Zeenalabdeen NS, et al. (2016) A Review on Status of Conservation and Sustainable Use of Sorghum Genetic Resources in Sudan. J Biodivers Manage Forestry 5:4. doi: 10.4172/2327-4417.1000168

Abstract

There is a decrease in sorghum conservation and biodiversity as per numerous reasons, which can be finished up in losing sorghum seeds either wild species or improved varieties. Non attendance of applying legislations that worry about biodiversity can be considered as a risk influencing the crop. As well, civil wars assumed a noteworthy part in losing sorghum in these areas.

The key findings demonstrated differentiations between sectors in terms of planted and harvested areas as well as production and productivity. The tradition sector displays the most noteworthy esteem as per checking information from 1997 to 2015, superiorly on the mechanized and the irrigated sector, which in such cases offer an extraordinary arrangement to explore the transcendent species in a particular zone to ration and develop their potential by contemplating their elements and portrayed the qualities.

Generally, the state of sorghum utilization according to the expected productivity will strongly decrease in the upcoming years (2030- 2060) by 71%, and when the populace is growing up each year drastically, which is considered as an emergency for losing biodiversity materials and additionally human those will be influenced by appetite. Surprisingly, and in spite of the fact that the research in sorghum is never ceased since the 40s, however, the idea of seed materials upkeep is still truant, only one improved variety, Yorwasha, is kept up in the local gene bank and generally the produced seeds are not accessible. The harmonization between various foundations is weak.

Gaps must be secured to achieve the protection sorghum diversity, maintenance of seeds and secure sustainable use. There must be community oriented projects between various bodies, and establish a provincial association between different sectors. Too, the clashed regions must be reached and keep up the diversity of the crop to develop and maintain the resources in these regions.

Keywords: Sorghum diversity; Local germplasm; Sustainable use; Gapsoverview

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