VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant ResearchOnline ISSN: 2229-4473
Print ISSN: 0970-4078

Research Article, Vegetos Vol: 30 Issue: 4

Agronomic and Economic Performance of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) under Farmyard Manure and Inorganic Fertilization in the Mid-Lands of North Ethiopia

Teklay Tesfay1*, Chigign Adamu2, Selamawit Girmay3, Takele Welu1 and Abadi Birhane1

1Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University Shire Campus, Shire, Ethiopia

2Department of Plant sciences, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia

3Department of Agricultural Economics, Aksum University Shire Campus, Shire, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author : Teklay Tesfay Bezabih
Department of plant sciences, College of Agriculture, Aksum University Shire Campus, P. O. BOX: 314, Ethiopia
Tel:
+251 914 780666
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]

Received: August 21, 2017 Accepted: October 30, 2017 Published: November 01, 2017

Citation: Tesfay T, Adamu C, Girmay S, Welu T, Birhane A (2017) Agronomic and Economic Performance of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) under Farmyard Manure and Inorganic Fertilization in the Mid-Lands of North Ethiopia. Vegetos 30:4. doi: 10.5958/2229-4473.2017.00201.4

Abstract

Although wheat cultivation in practiced in the humid highlands of Ethiopia, this experiment was conducted to evaluate the agronomic and economic performance of wheat under the different levels of mineral and organic fertilization in the midlands of North Ethiopia during the main rainy season. Highest wheat growth, yield and yield components was recorded when wheat was cultivated under 150 kg/ha mineral fertilizer (DAP and urea) along with 12 ton/ha of farm yard manure. Particularly, grain yield was more than seven times higher when wheat was cultivated under 150 kg/ha mineral and 12 ton/ha farmyard manure fertilization compared to wheat cultivated with no farmyard manure and/or mineral fertilizer application. Though the wheat cultivated under 150 kg/ha mineral fertilization together with 12 ton/ha farmyard manure seemed to be superior; according to the economic analysis, 50 kg/ha of mineral fertilizer together with 12 ton/ha of farmyard manure fertilizer application was agronomically suitable and economically profitable.

Keywords: Farmyard manure; Inorganic fertilizer; Wheat yield; Marginal rate of return; Dominance analysis

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