International Journal of Cardiovascular ResearchISSN: 2324-8602

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Case Report, Int J Cardiovas Res Vol: 5 Issue: 5

Congenital Absence of Pulmonary Valve: A Rare Congenital Heart Defect in Newborns

Luvdeep Dogra1, Leslie E Lewis1, Ramesh Bhat Y1*, Jayashree P1, Najih M1, Ranjan S2 and Krishnananda N2
1Department of Paediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal-576104, Udupi District, Karnataka, India
2Department of Cardiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal-576104, Udupi District, Karnataka, India
Corresponding author : Ramesh Bhat Y
Department of Paediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal-576104, Udupi District, Karnataka, India
Tel: 91-9686401313
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 29, 2014 Accepted: July 14, 2016 Published: July 20,, 2016
Citation: Dogra L, Lewis LE, Bhat RY, Jayashree P, Najih M (2016) Congenital Absence of Pulmonary Valve: A Rare Congenital Heart Defect in Newborns. Int Int J Cardiovasc Res 5:5. doi:10.4172/2324-8602.1000282

Abstract

Absent pulmonary valve (APV), defined as total or subtotal absence of pulmonary valve leaflets, is a rare defect. The estimated frequency is 6 in 3000 live born infants with congenital heart diseases. Pulmonary stenosis and aneurysmal dilatation of pulmonary artery usually coexist with the defect. At birth, the affected new bornmay have severe manifestations leading to diagnosing difficulties. Presented is a newborn with persistent cyanosis at birth requiring resuscitation in which subsequent echocardiography established the diagnosis of Fallot-type APV. This case highlights the need for fetal echocardiography in high risk settings.

Keywords: Congenital absent pulmonary valve; Neonate; Respiratory distress

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