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Health Risk Assessment of Trace Metals Contamination in Vegetables (<em>Telferia Occidentalis</em>) Irrigated with Polluted Effluent Water from Mechanic Village, Uyo | SciTechnol

Journal of Plant Physiology & Pathology ISSN: 2329-955X

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Review Article, J Plant Physiol Pathol Vol: 9 Issue: 2

Health Risk Assessment of Trace Metals Contamination in Vegetables (Telferia Occidentalis) Irrigated with Polluted Effluent Water from Mechanic Village, Uyo

Ubong UU, Nsi EW, Ite AE, Ikpe EE*

Dept of Chemistry, AkwaIbom State University

*Corresponding Author:
Edidiong Ikpe
Dept of Chemistry, AkwaIbom State University, Ikot Akpaden main Campus, AkwaIbom State. Nigeria
Tel: 08028381020
E-mail: ikpeedidiong12@gmail.com

Received Date: March 27, 2021; Accepted Date: February 03, 2021; Published Date: February 10, 2021

Citation: Ubong UU, Nsi EW, Ite AE, Ikpe EE (2021) Health Risk Assessment of Trace Metals Contamination in Vegetables (Telferia Occidentalis) Irrigated with Polluted Effluent Water from Mechanic Village, Uyo. J Plant Physiol Pathol 9:2.

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Abstract

This research investigates the health risk assessment of heavy metal contamination in vegetables (Telferiaoccidentalis) irrigated with polluted effluent water in the study area. The heavy metal analysis of Pb, Cd and Ni were carried out using the Atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS).The mean concentration of heavy metals in Telferiaoccidentalis from site A and B ranged from 0.6-108.2 mg/kg with an increasing trend of Ni>Cd >Pb. These values are above the world Health Organization and National Environmental Standard and Regulations Enforcement Agency (WHO/NESREA). The population under study was found to be under low risk of Cd at stations B and control of B, Ni and Pb, because the health risk index is less than one (HRI<1), with exception of Cd at stations A and control of A. The Target Hazard Quotient(THQ) showed that all the heavy metals were lower than one (1), therefore poses no health risk concern.

Keywords: Heavy metal, vegetables, Health risk assessment, Target hazard quotient

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