Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography ISSN: 2324-8661

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Review Article, J Mar Biol Oceanogr Vol: 5 Issue: 2

Isolation, Identification of Endophytic Fungi from Mangrove Roots along the Coast of South Andaman Sea,Andaman and Nicobar Islands,India

Madhusudan Thorati, Jayant Kumar Mishra* and Santhosh Kumar
Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry University (Brookshabad Campus), Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India
Corresponding author : Jayant Kumar Mishra
Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry University (Brookshabad Campus) Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
Tel: +91-3192-262346
Fax: +91-3192-262323
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: June 15, 2016 Accepted: July 30, 2016 Published: August 04, 2016
Citation: Thorati M, Mishra JK, Kumar S (2016) Isolation, Identification of Endophytic Fungi from Mangrove Roots along the Coast of South Andaman Sea, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. J Mar Biol Oceanogr 5:2.doi:10.4172/2324-8661.1000157

Abstract

Isolation, Identification of Endophytic Fungi from Mangrove Roots along the Coast of South Andaman Sea,Andaman and Nicobar Islands,India

With the objective of isolation and identification of endophytic fungi from the mangrove roots, this study was carried out in the roots of three different mangrove plants; Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucornata and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza found along the coast south Andaman, Andaman sea, India. Endophytic fungi from stilt and knee roots of these three different mangrove species were isolated. Isolated fungi were cultured on PDA medium and fungal colonies were identified on the basis of the colony morphology. A total of seven fungal strains Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, A. paraciticus, A. fumigatus, Syncephalastrum racemosum, Penicillium resticulosum and Fusarium ciliatum were identified. Among these, Aspergillus species were prominent throughout the year, whereas Syncephalastrum racemosum and Fusarium ciliatum were observed in rainy and dry season respectively. The host specific colonization of the endophytic fungi was observed and the species varied among the mangrove roots based on their exposure to sea water.

Keywords: Stilt roots; Knee roots; Mangrove; Endophytic fungi; Colonization; South Andaman

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