Commentary, Int J Cardiol Res Vol: 12 Issue: 1
Mechanism of Arteriosclerosis and its Symptoms
Received date: 06 February, 2023, Manuscript No. ICRJ-23-94887;
Editor assigned date: 09 February, 2023, PreQC No. ICRJ-23-94887 (PQ);
Reviewed date: 23 February, 2023, QC No. ICRJ-23-94887;
Revised date: 02 March, 2023, Manuscript No. ICRJ-23-94887 (R);
Published date: 13 March, 2023 DOI: 10.4172/2324-8602.1000483.
Citation: Maimaitiaili J (2023) Mechanism of Arteriosclerosis and its Symptoms. Int J Cardiol Res 12:1.
The Arteriosclerosis is a disease that affects the arteries, which are the blood vessels responsible for carrying oxygen and nutrients to various parts of the body. The inflammation and strengthening of the arterial walls characterizes the illness, which can reduce the flow of blood to cardiovascular system, such as the heart and brain, and increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Atherosclerosis is a disease that is caused by the accumulation of plaque in the coronary, peripheral, or carotid arteries.
Causes of arteriosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis is caused by the build-up of plaque inside the arteries, which is made up of cholesterol, fat, calcium, and other substances. This buildup can occur due to various factors, including:
Age: As people age, their arteries become less elastic and more susceptible to damage.
High blood pressure: High blood pressure has the potential to cause arterial wall damage, which can lead to plaque buildup.
High cholesterol: High levels of Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol can lead to the accumulation of plaque inside the arteries.
Diabetes: Diabetes may cause damage to the arterial walls, resulting in buildup of plaque.
Smoking: Smoking can damage the arterial walls and increase the risk of plaque accumulation.
Obesity: Obesity can lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes, all of which are risk factors for arteriosclerosis.
Symptoms of arteriosclerosis
The symptoms of arteriosclerosis can vary depending on which arteries are affected. Some common symptoms include:
Chest pain or angina: Chest pain can occur when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked.
Shortness of breath: Shortness of breath can occur when the arteries that supply blood to the lungs become reduced or obstructed.
Numbness or weakness in the limbs: Numbness or weakness in the limbs can occur when the arteries that supply blood to the arms or legs become narrowed or blocked.
Headaches or dizziness: Headaches or dizziness can occur when the arteries that supply blood to the brain become reduced or obstructed.
Erectile dysfunction: Erectile dysfunction can occur when the arteries that supply blood to the penis become narrowed or blocked.
Treatment of arteriosclerosis
The treatment of arteriosclerosis depends on the severity of the disease and the arteries that are affected. Some common treatment options include:
Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, smoking inhibition, and maintaining a healthy weight, can help to prevent and treat arteriosclerosis.
Medications: Medications, such as statins, blood pressure medications, and diabetes medications, can help to lower cholesterol, control blood pressure, and manage diabetes, all of which can reduce the risk of arteriosclerosis.
Angioplasty: Angioplasty is a procedure in which a catheter is inserted into the affected artery and inflating a cylinder to expand the artery and improve blood flow.
Stenting: Stenting is a procedure in which a small metal mesh tube is inserted into the affected artery to maintain it open and improve blood flow.
Bypass surgery: Bypass surgery is a procedure in which a healthy artery or vein is obtained from another part of the body and used to bypass the blocked artery, allowing blood to flow freely.