International Journal of Cardiovascular ResearchISSN: 2324-8602

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Perspective, Int J Cardiol Res Vol: 12 Issue: 2

Mechanism of Heart Failure and its Preventative Techniques

Golbus Kheterpal*

1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA

*Corresponding Author: Golbus Kheterpal
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA

Received: 04 April, 2023, Manuscript No. ICRJ-23-98658;

Editor assigned: 06 April, 2023, PreQC No. ICRJ-23-98658 (PQ);

Reviewed: 21 April, 2023, QC No. ICRJ-23-98658;

Revised: 28 April, 2023, Manuscript No. ICRJ-23-98658 (R);

Published: 8 May, 2023, DOI: 10.4172/2324-8602.1000490.

Citation: Kheterpal G (2023) Mechanism of Heart Failure and its Preventative Techniques. Int J Cardiol Res 12:2.


Heart failure is a serious condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is a condition where the heart is ability to circulation enough blood adequate for the requirements of the human body, resulting in a wide range of symptoms and health complications. Heart failure occurs when the heart is ability to provide sufficient blood for the requirements of the human organism. This can happen due to several causes, such as damage to the heart muscle, high blood pressure, heart valve problems, or a history of heart attacks. Heart failure can affect the left side, right side, or both sides of the heart.

In left-sided heart failure, the heart's left ventricle is unable to provide blood effectively, resulting in a fluid accumulation in the lungs. This condition is called as pulmonary edema and it can cause shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. In right-sided heart failure, the heart's right ventricle is unable to circulate blood effectively, resulting in fluid accumulation in the legs, ankles, and abdomen. This condition is called as peripheral edema and it can cause swelling and discomfort in the affected areas.

Symptoms of heart failure

The symptoms of heart failure can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the type of heart failure. Some of the most common symptoms of heart failure include: Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity or while lying down, fatigue and weakness, swelling in the legs, ankles, or abdomen, rapid or irregular heartbeat, persistent coughing or wheezing, decreased ability to exercise, nausea or loss of appetite, difficulty concentrating or confusion, and chest pain or discomfort all are Symptoms of heart failure.

Causes of heart failure

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of heart failure. The following are some of the most prevalent causes of heart failure:

Coronary artery disease: This is a condition where the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrow or blocked, reducing blood flow to the heart muscle.

High blood pressure: Overtime, high blood pressure can damage the heart muscle, leading to heart failure.

Heart attacks: A heart attack occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked, leading to damage to the heart muscle.

Heart valve problems: The heart has four valves that help regulate blood flow. If these valves are damaged, it contains the ability to cause cardiac failure.

Cardiomyopathy: This is a condition where the heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick, or strong, it becomes more difficult for the heart to circulate enough blood.

Congenital heart defects: Some people are born with heart defects that can lead to heart failure during adulthood.

Other factors: Other factors that can contribute to heart failure include diabetes, obesity, sleep apnea, and certain medications.

Treatment for heart failure

The treatment for heart failure will depend on the underlying cause of the condition and the severity of the symptoms. Some common heart failure treatments include:

Lifestyle changes: Implementing lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, preventing smoking, and reducing alcohol consumption can help to improve heart function and reduce symptoms.

Medications: There are several medications available to treat heart failure, including ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, diuretics, and angiotensin receptor blockers.

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