Research and Reviews in Psychology

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Opinion Article, Res Rev Phys Vol: 4 Issue: 1

Methods of Clinical Psychology and its History

Kacel Schumann*

1Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA

*Corresponding Author: Kacel Schumann
Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA

Received date: 11 March, 2023, Manuscript No. RRPY-23-95563;

Editor assigned date: 13 March, 2023, PreQC No. RRPY-23-95563 (PQ);

Reviewed date: 27 March, 2023, QC No. RRPY-23-95563;

Revised date: 03 April, 2023, Manuscript No. RRPY-23-95563 (R);

Published date: 13 April, 2023, DOI: 10.4172/rrpy.1000331.

Citation: Schumann K (2023) Methods of Clinical Psychology and its History. Res Rev Phys 4:1.


Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illnesses and disorders. Clinical psychologists work with individuals, families, and groups to help them to manage with various mental health issues, such as depression, anxiety, personality disorders, and addiction. Clinical psychology is an essential field that has helped millions of people around the world manages and overcome mental health problems.

History of clinical psychology

The history of clinical psychology begins from the late 1800 s, when psychologists initially began investigations into abnormal behavior. However, clinical psychology was previously established as an individual discipline until the beginning of the 1900’s. One of the pioneers of clinical psychology was lightner witmer, who established the first psychological clinic at the University of Pennsylvania in 1896. Witmer's clinic focused on helping children with learning disabilities and behavioral problems, establishing the beginning of the clinical psychology field.

In the early 1900’s, other psychologists began to develop new theories and treatment techniques for mental illnesses. For example, Sigmund Freud developed psychoanalysis; it is a type of psychological treatment that focuses on the unconscious mind. Other psychologists, such as Carl Jung and Alfred Adler, developed their theories of personality and treatment technologies. During World War II, clinical psychology has grown significantly as psychologists were needed to help individuals deal with the conflict trauma. After the war, clinical psychology continued to expand, and new approaches and techniques were developed to help people manage various mental health issues.

Theories of clinical psychology

Clinical psychology is based on various theories and approaches that control the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental health issues. One of the most common theories is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), which focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. CBT has been used successfully to treat various mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, and phobias. Another theory commonly used in clinical psychology is psychodynamic therapy.

This technique is based on the concept that unconscious thoughts and emotions influence behavior. Psychodynamic therapy aims to help individuals become acute of their unconscious patterns and work through continuing problems to improve their mental health. Other theories used in clinical psychology include humanistic therapy, which emphasizes the importance of self-awareness and personal growth, and mindfulness-based therapy, which focuses on being present in the moment and recognizing individual thoughts and feelings without a condemnation.

Methods of clinical psychology

Clinical psychology uses a wide range of practices to help individuals manage mental health issues. One of the most common practices is psychotherapy, which involves exploring an individual's difficulties and concerns with a developed psychotherapist. Psychotherapy may assume a variety of forms, including cognitive behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, humanistic therapy, and mindfulness-based therapy. In addition to psychotherapy, clinical psychologists may also use medication to treat mental health issues. Psychiatric medications, such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs, can be effective in managing symptoms of various mental health conditions.

Clinical psychologists may also use other approaches, such as group therapy, family therapy, and behavioral interventions, to help individuals and families to manage mental health issues. These techniques can be particularly useful for individuals who are struggling with dependency as well as relationships problems, or other issues that affect their daily lives.

Clinical psychology is an important field that has assisted millions of people around the world in managing and overcoming mental health issues. The field has a long history, with their predecessors such as Lightner Witmer laying the foundation for modern clinical psychology. Clinical psychology is based on various theories and approaches, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, humanistic therapy, and mindfulness-based therapy. Clinical psychologists use a variety of practices, such as psychotherapy.

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