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Journal of Plant Physiology & Pathology ISSN: 2329-955X

Research Article, J Plant Physiol Pathol Vol: 6 Issue: 4

Physiological Effects of Ascorbic and Gallic Acids on Growth and Metabolic Activities of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) Plants

Fatma Abd El Lateef Gharib, Ibrahim Mohamed Zeid, Safia Mohamed Ghazi and Eman Zakaria Ahmed*

Department of Botany and Microbiology, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

*Corresponding Author : Eman Zakaria Ahmed
Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt
Tel: +201145103804
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: July 16, 2018 Accepted: August 13, 2018 Published: August 20, 2018

Citation: Gharib FAEL, Zeid IM, Ghazi SM, Ahmed EZ (2018) Physiological Effects of Ascorbic and Gallic Acids on Growth and Metabolic Activities of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) Plants. J Plant Physiol Pathol 6:4. doi: 10.4172/2329-955X.1000183.

Abstract

A pot experiment was performed at Helwan University Experimental Farm, Cairo, Egypt during the season of 2016-2017. This experiment aimed to study the response of vegetative growth criterea, seed yield (weight) and some metabolic activities and constituents of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) plants to foliar spray of ascorbic acid (AA; 100, 150 and 200 ppm) and gallic acid (GA; 100, 150 and 200 ppm), two antioxidant compounds. The foliar application of AA and GA significantly increased all growth criteria (i.e. length of roots and stem, the root and stem fresh and dry weights, No. of leaves and total leaves area cm2/plant), as well as seed weight and quality compared to the untreated control plants. Total photosynthetic pigments (TPP), total carbohydrate (TC), total soluble proteins (TSP), crude protein (CP) and different minerals in leaves were increased accompanied by decrease in total soluble sugars (TSS) by application of AA and GA, especially at 100 ppm concentration. Furthermore, GA at 100 ppm was more effective than ascorbic acid at 100ppm in increasing the levels of the growth hormones indole acetic acid (IAA), cytokinins (CKs) and gibberellic acid (GA3) in cowpea leaves, with lower abscisic acid (ABA) content. In conclusion, nutritional value and quality of cowpea plants could be improved by application of AA and GA at 100 ppm concentration.

Keywords: Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.); Ascorbic acid; Gallic acid; Growth characteristics; Yield; Photosynthetic pigments; Biochemical constituents

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