Journal of Plant Physiology & Pathology ISSN: 2329-955X

Research Article, J Plant Physiol Pathol Vol: 5 Issue: 2

Response of Photosynthetic Capacity to Soil Moisture in Xanthostemon chrysantus (F. Muell.) Benth.

Ahmad Nazarudin MR1* and Tsan FY2

1Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), 52109 Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia

2Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author : Ahmad Nazarudin MR
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), 52109 Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia
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+603-62797235
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Received: March 30, 2017 Accepted: April 14, 2017 Published: April 20, 2017

Citation: Ahmad Nazarudin MR, Tsan FY (2017) Response of Photosynthetic Capacity to Soil Moisture in Xanthostemon chrysantus (F. Muell.) Benth. J Plant Physiol Pathol 5:2. doi: 10.4172/2329-955X.1000165

Abstract

Response of Photosynthetic Capacity to Soil Moisture in Xanthostemon chrysantus (F. Muell.) Benth.

A study was carried out to investigate the physiological response of a landscape tree, Xanthostemon chrysantus (F. Muell.) Benth. planted at two urban sites in Kuala Lumpur. Photosynthetic rate (A), transpiration rate (E), stomatal conductance (gs) and water use efficiency (WUE) at flushing, flowering and fruiting stages of the trees grown at Metropolitan Batu Park (MBP) and Pusat Bandar Manjalara (PBM) were recorded for a year during rainy and dry periods. Soil samples of both sites were also analysed for physical properties. Significant different in A, E, gs and WUE were observed at flushing stage of both rainy and dry periods. At flowering stage, significant different was noted in A for both periods, while variations only recorded among E and gs during dry period. Physiological traits at fruiting stage were similar at both periods for MBP and PBM. Trees at PBM had higher WUE at flushing during rainy and dry periods than those trees at MBP, showing higher capability of utilising water while reducing water lost through transpiration. The sandy loam soil of the study plots contains more than 67% of sand, reducing the moisture content, hence affecting photosynthetic capacity of the trees. Xanthostemon chrysantus however, can be considered as a hardy species because it can tolerate the harsh condition of the planting sites.

Keywords: Kuala Lumpur; Landscape; Urban forestry; Urban soil; Water use efficiency

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