Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography ISSN: 2324-8661

Reach Us +1 850 754 6199
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Research Article, J Mar Biol Oceanogr Vol: 5 Issue: 1

Role of Mesoscale Eddies in the Distribution Pattern of Zooplankton Standing Stock of Western Bay of Bengal During Spring Transition

Vimal Kumar KG1*, Jayalakshmi KJ1, Sajeev R2 and Gupta GVM1
1Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, India
2Department of Physical Oceanography, School of Marine Sciences, Cochin University of Science and Technology, India
Corresponding author : Vimal Kumar KG
Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Kochi-37, Kerala, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: January 20, 2016 Accepted: March 11, 2016 Published: March 16, 2016
Citation: Vimal Kumar KG, Jayalakshmi KJ, Sajeev R, Gupta GVM (2016) Role of Mesoscale Eddies in the Distribution Pattern of Zooplankton Standing Stock of Western Bay of Bengal During Spring Transition. J Mar Biol Oceanogr 5:1. doi:10.4172/2324-8661.1000150

Abstract

Hydrography and spatial variability of zooplankton community during spring transition associated with Anti Cyclonic Eddies (ACE) and Cyclonic Eddies (CE) in the south western Bay of Bengal is investigated. In situ data collected on board FORV Sagar Sampada and satellite derived products were used for the study. Physical parameters such as temperature, salinity, and sigma-t in the surface waters showed typical spring condition with almost uniform distribution in the region. However, MLD, ILD and BLT showed noticeable variation between ACE and CE region. The satellite derived SSHA overlaid geostrophic current pattern indicates the piling up of surface water (20cm) in the region as the result of ACE centred at 13.25°N, 83°E and negative anomaly of 24cm associated with Cyclonic eddy at 15°N, 84°E. Observed cyclonic eddies (15°N, 84°E) are characterised by depressing temperature by about 7°C at 100m depth. The forcing mechanism of ACE identified as negative wind stress curl and associated westward propagating Rossby waves and formation of CE might be due to baroclinic instability developed by equator ward flow of fresh plume water from the north during the winter monsoon period. The biological response in the primary and secondary level to these phenomena explained based on chlorophyll-a distribution and mesozooplankton standing stock. Satellite imagery showed a uniform distribution of surface chlorophyll (< 0.1 mg m?3) in the study region, except a slight increase in the CE. Subsurface Chlorophyll Maxima (SCM) observed at the base of the mixed layer showed the preference of phytoplankton community to the optimum environmental conditions. Mesozooplankton standing stock observed was relatively higher at CE and the centre of ACE. Enhanced phytoplankton standing stock due to the nutrient enrichment at CE favoured the abundance of zooplankton community. In contrast to the general trend, core of ACE supported higher zooplankton standing with dominance of copepods, chaetognaths, ostracods etc. Relatively higher biological production in the primary as well as secondary level during the present study was associated either with the extended winter production to the early months of spring or the characteristics like intensity, age, spatial variation of prevailing physical processes.

Keywords: Spring intermonsoon; Anticyclonic gyre; Mesozooplankton; Southwestern Bay of Bengal

Track Your Manuscript

Share This Page