Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography .ISSN: 2324-8661

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Research Article, J Mar Biol Oceanogr Vol: 3 Issue: 3

Seasonal Disparity in Fecundity and Embryonic Development of Cinnamon Anemone Fish, Amphiprion melanopus (Bleeker, 1852) In Captivity

Muthuramalingam Uthayasiva*, Jeyagoby Balamurugan, Thipramalai Thankappan Ajith Kumar, Mohideen Abdul Badhul Haq and Muthuvel Arumugam
Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai-608502, Tamilnadu, India
Corresponding author : M. Uthayasiva
Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai 608502, Tamil Nadu, India
Tel: +91-9994992532
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: January 21, 2013 Accepted: June 03, 2014 Published: June 09, 2014
Citation: Uthayasiva M, Balamurugan J, Kumar TTA, Haq MAB (2014) Seasonal Disparity in Fecundity and Embryonic Development of Cinnamon Anemone Fish, Amphiprion melanopus (Bleeker, 1852) In Captivity. J Mar Biol Oceanogr 3:3. doi:10.4172/2324-8661.1000130

Abstract

Seasonal Disparity in Fecundity and Embryonic Development of Cinnamon Anemone Fish, Amphiprion melanopus (Bleeker, 1852) In Captivity

The present study explains the seasonal influence on fecundity, embryonic development and parental care of Amphiprion melanopus reared in aquaria. Water quality parameters like temperature 27 ± 2°C, salinity 29 ± 2ppt, ammonia 0.001 ppm, dissolved oxygen 4 ± 2 ppm, pH 7.7 ± 0.2, light intensity 18 μ mol-1sec-1and photoperiod (13 L: 11 D) were provided. Brooders were fed with boiled oyster, shrimp and clam meet thrice a day and organic wastes were removed regularly. After obtaining maturation (4 months rearing in captive condition) successful spawning was observed. The percentage of fecundity, hatching, deformation and incubation were categorized into four seasons (summer, pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon) for a year.

Keywords: Amphiprion melanopus; Captivity; Spawning; Fecundity; Seasonality

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