Journal of Plant Physiology & Pathology ISSN: 2329-955X

Research Article, J Plant Physiol Pathol Vol: 6 Issue: 1

Selection of Dwarf and Compact Morphotypes of Sweet Basil for High Density Plantation

Parmeshwar Lal Saran*, Kuldeepsingh A Kalariya, Ram Prasnna Meena and Ponnuchamy Manivel

ICAR-Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, Boriavi-387310, Anand, Gujarat, India

*Corresponding Author : P. L. Saran
Senior Scientist (Horticulture)/Secretary, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Association of India (MAPAI), Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, Boriavi, Anand, Gujarat, India
Tel: 09104333343
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received: September 28, 2017 Accepted: January 16, 2018 Published: January 20, 2018

Citation: Saran PL, Kalariya KA, Meena RP, Manivel P (2018) Selection of Dwarf and Compact Morphotypes of Sweet Basil for High Density Plantation. J Plant Physiol Pathol 6:1. doi: 10.4172/2329-955X.1000173

Abstract

Selection of Dwarf and Compact Morphotypes of Sweet Basil for High Density Plantation

The experiment was conducted on five accessions of Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) at the ICAR- Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research (ICAR-DMAPR), Boriavi, Anand, Gujarat (India) for two successive years. Distinct germplasm with variability especially for plant growth characters and essential oil composition in basil are playing important role. Sweet basil is important aromatic plant in India and used as an ingredient of many international traditional aromatic systems. Accessions were identified from germplasm collected from different agro ecological zones of India. The identified accessions were characterized for uniqueness with desirable characters contributing in herbage yield. Among accessions sufficient variations for growth and yield characters were recorded. Rudra-2 was the most dwarf and DOB-4 as semidwarf accessions with early flowering. The accession Sant-1 had closed canopy architecture and DOB-8W was most vigorous type with high biological yield (664 q ha-1). The maximum anethole was in DOB-4 (89.17%) and methyl eugenol in DOB-8W (23.03%). Overall, Rudra-2 and Sant-1 were found unique and superior accessions therefore, can be used further in crop improvement programme and also suggested for commercial cultivation as a new selection for high density plantation.

Keywords: Anethole; Dwarf; Canopy; Morphotype; Essential oil; Ocimum basilicum L.

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