Andrology & Gynecology: Current ResearchISSN: 2327-4360

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Review Article, Androl Gynecol Curr Res Vol: 5 Issue: 1

Semen Quality and its Implication for Posterity: A Review

Peletiri IC1,3*, Ikeh EI1, Peletiri DC2 and Ndike UP3

1Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences School of Postgraduate Studies, University of Jos, Nigeria

2Department of Physiology, Postgraduate School, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

3Medical Microbiology and Parasitology Laboratories, National Hospital, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author : Iseimokumo Christopher Peletiri
National Hospital Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
Tel: +2348036426363
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: April 22, 2017Accepted: June 20, 2017 Published: June 25, 2017

Citation: Peletiri IC, Ikeh EI, Peletiri DC, Ndike UP (2017) Semen Quality and Its Implication for Posterity: A Review. Androl Gynecol: Curr Res 5:1. doi: 10.4172/2327-4360.1000155

Abstract

Semen quality is a measure of the ability of semen to accomplish fertilization. Semen quality could either be of good or poor quality. Poor semen quality is a major factor in male infertility. Semen analysis evaluates certain characteristics of the male’s semen and spermatozoa contained therein; a procedure which has implication for posterity. Owing to the high variability of semen laboratory results as well as increase in cases of infertile couples as a result of the male factor; the importance of performing a comprehensive semen laboratory investigation for appropriate diagnosis and possible treatment of male infertility cannot be over-emphasized. Male infertility may be caused by pre-testicular causes, tobacco smoking, DNA damage, testicular factors, post-testicular causes and infectious disease causes; all have been implicated to affect semen quality negatively. 12.5% of couples experience infertility in their union elsewhere; in Nigeria, it is 25%. Various reports all over Nigeria implicated between 31.8-83.1% of male partners having poor semen qualities. The WHO guidelines for a comprehensive performance of seminal analysis either with the Manuel method or Computer – Assisted Semen Analysis technique using Sperm Quality Analyzer Visual (SQA-V) machine should be adhered to. As the characteristics of good quality semen are manifest; so are those with poor semen quality. Good quality semen enhances generational posterity. The effects of poor semen quality are enormous as it leads to infertility – generational discontinuity, a cut-down of the family tree. Infertility has been a source of pain, rejection, humiliation, sadness, anxiety and shame to a lot of infertile couples all over but especially in the African sub region. Although, infertility due to the male factor is here with us, observance of certain positive ways of life as well as seeking early medical attention by established infertile couples would bring smiles to many

Keywords: Semen quality; Posterity; Analysis; Good semen quality; Poor semen quality; Male infertility; Male factor; Cervical hostility

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