Research and Reports in Gastroenterology

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Editorial,  Res Rep Gastroenterol Vol: 5 Issue: 4

Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn Disease

Malika Qureshi *

Department of Genetics, Pakistan Jordan Medical College, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Arman Q
Department of Genetics, Pakistan Metropolitan Geriatric Medical College, Pakistan
[email protected]

Received date: July 05, 2021; Accepted date: July 20, 2021; Published date: July 29, 2021

Keywords: Colitis, Crohn’s, GI disorders


The Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are the principal forms of inflammatory bowel disease. Both represent chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, which displays heterogeneity in inflammatory and symptomatic burden between patients and within individuals over time. Optimal management relies on understanding and tailoring evidence-based interventions by clinicians in partnership with patients. The global burden of hepatitis remains substantial despite advances in antiviral therapy and effective vaccines. There are five hepatitis viruses (hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E). Mortality associated with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections is among the highest four global infectious diseases, along side human immunodeficiency viral infection , malaria, and tuberculosis The resident would be required to rotate through clinical gastroenterology, hepatology, diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy. In addition, he/she will spend a while in rotations through allied specialities (pathology, radiology, laboratory medicine etc.) Extramural rotations (Institutions outside the first centre) or rotation at affiliated centres A logical extension of this attempt was to explore the pathophysiology of the functional GI disorders. These disorders, represented primarily by IBS having both pain and altered gut function, heretofore were unexplained, but the symptoms were presumed to arise from intestinal dysmotility. The studies showed that patients with IBS, when compared with normal subjects, had an enhanced motor response to various environmental stimuli such as psychological stress, peptide hormone sand fatty meals, and increased motility was associated, to a degree, with symptoms of pain. The complementary feeding period is one among rapid climb and development when infants are vulnerable to nutrient deficiencies and excesses, and through which there are marked changes within the diet with exposures to new foods, tastes, and feeding experiences. Most available data on the nutritional adequacy of EBF for 6 months comes from mothers and infants who follow this practice; this group is a minority in all populations and caution must be exercised in generalizing findings because these mothers and infants might not be representative of the remainder of the population. In an observational study using stable isotopes to measure milk intake and energy content noninvasively discuss the management of the psychosocial aspects of IBD, including awareness of the role of patient support groups such as Crohn’s and Colitis Australia. Gastric adenocarcinoma carries a poor prognosis, in part due to the late stage of diagnosis. Risk factors include Helicobacter pylori infection, case history of gastric cancer—in particular, hereditary diffuse gastric cancer and pernicious anemia . The stages within the progression to cancer include gastritis , gastric atrophy (GA), gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) and dysplasia. The key to early detection of cancer and improved survival is to non-invasively identify those at risk before endoscopy. However, although biomarkers may help within the detection of patients with chronic atrophic gastritis, there's insufficient evidence to support their use for population screening. High-quality endoscopy with full mucosal visualisation is an important part of improving early detection Interventional Gastroenterology is a rapidly expanding field at the cutting edge of innovation and novelty. New device technology including improvements in endosonographic and high-definition imaging also because the advent of CO2 insufflation has led to a revolution in endoscopic therapy. The last decade has seen the emergence and widespread adoption of entirely new fields of endoscopy including therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound (T-EUS), third space endoscopy, and endobariatrics. In addition, new technology has allowed for major advancements in pancreaticobiliary management as well as Barretts Esophagus therapy. There is a series of factors that may influence the relationship between care levels, such as care overload that must be faced by both primary and specialized care, the growing importance of control of healthcare expenditure, better patient access to information on health topics, the development of new technologies and the increased number of these chronic diseases A thin scope used to examine the rectum, and entire large intestine and a small portion of the small intestine. This scope is employed to screen for carcinoma . Able to remove polyps and perform other interventions as needed, depending on patient needs. Manometry measures the pressures and therefore the pattern of muscle contractions in your esophagus. Abnormalities within the contractions and strength of the muscle or within the sphincter at the lower end of the esophagus may result in pain, heartburn, and/or difficulty swallowing. Esophageal manometry is used to diagnose the conditions that can cause these symptoms.

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