A smart grid is an electrical grid which includes a variety of operational and energy measures including smart meters, smart appliances, renewable energy resources, and energy efficiency resources. Electronic power conditioning and control of the production and distribution of electricity are important aspects of the smart grid The bulk of smart grid technologies are already used in other applications such as manufacturing and telecommunications and are being adapted for use in grid operations. In general, smart grid technology can be grouped into five key areas. A smart grid often replaces analog mechanical meters with digital meters that record usage in real time. Often this technology is referred to as Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) since meters alone are not useful in and of themselves and need to be installed in conjunction with some type of communications infrastructure to get the data back to the utility (wires. fiber, WiFi, cellular, or power-line carrier). Advanced Metering Infrastructure may provide a communication path extending from power generation plants on one end all the way to end-use electrical consumption in homes and businesses. These end use consumption devices may include outlets, (smart socket) and other smart grid-enabled appliances such as water heaters and devices such as thermostats. Journal of Electrical Engineering and Electronic Technology is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal in the field of electrical engineering and electronics that aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of research articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of electrical engineering and electronics and making them accessible online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide.