Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography ISSN: 2324-8661

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Benthic communities as bio-indicators of organic and inorganic pollution in marine environment: Case study of Tudor creek, Mombasa County, Kenya

Wanjohi C, Muthumbi W N A, Gichuki N and Okuku E

University of Nairobi, Kenya

: J Mar Biol Oceanogr


Benthic organisms (macrofauna and meiofauna) are vulnerable to pollution in marine ecosystems due to their prolonged exposure hence efficient bio-indicator of heavy metals and organic contamination. This study focused on Tudor creek (polluted) and Mida Creek (unpolluted) as the control site. The main objective was to assess the uses of benthic communities as bio indicators of marine pollution by determining their density, composition and distribution. Sampling was done during dry season (February) and wet season (May) by systematically laying two transects of 45 m in each site with four stations per transect at 0 m, 15 m, 30 m and 45 m intervals. Densities and diversity indices were calculated using past software. ANOVA was used to assess whether the differences in density and diversity of the meiofauna and macrofauna among the sampling sites and periods were significant. MANOVA was used to assess the density and diversity variability with environmental variables. MDS (Multi-Dimensional Scaling) on community analysis was done on PRIMER software. There was a large difference in the assemblage composition, density and diversity of both macrofaunal and meifauna between the polluted and unpolluted sited as well as environmental parameters. Nematodes dominated in both sites indicating that they are pollution tolerant unlike copepods which were less in diversity and density in the polluted site. Communities in Mida creek clustered together showing great similarity unlike in Tudor creek.


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