Journal of Food and Nutritional Disorders ISSN: 2324-9323

MJ Elmes

MJ Elmes,
Division of Nutritional Science
University of Nottingham, UK

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Biography

Matthew Elmes  is Lecturer in Nutritional Biochemistry in Division of Nutritional Science, School of Bioscience at University of Nottingham, UK. Matthew's research interests fall into two main areas: developmental origins of disease and the effects of nutrition on pregnancy outcome. Elmes' current research focuses on the effects of maternal nutrition on pregnancy outcome and on the early developmental origins of adult disease. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of premature death in the western world and saturated fat has been identified as a key factor. As a result dietary trends are changing, intakes of meat and diary products high in saturated fat are being reduced and consumption of vegetable protein and oils high in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids are being increased. With a number of reports that the UK population consumes ten times the requirement of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids Dr Elmes is interested in identifying the physiological consequences of this trend. Dr Elmes has identified that increasing the consumption of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids during pregnancy significantly increases the synthesis of prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are hormones derived from n-6 polyunsaturated that regulate myometrial contractions and are heavily involved in expulsion of the fetus during labour. The current dietary trend for high n-6 polyunsaturated fatty consumption may result in an increased risk of premature birth. Other research interests include the effects of maternal obesity and maternal age on pregnancy and labour outcome. Epidemiological evidence suggests that maternal obesity and increasing maternal age are associated with uncoordinated myometrial contractions, prolonged labour and increased risk of caesarean section. The immediate aim is to elucidate the mechanism behind dysfunctional labour in these individuals to ultimately identify biomarkers for mothers at risk of dysfunctional labour or intervention to reduce or even prevent the risk of caesarean section which is not ideal for the health and wellbeing of the mother and newborn child and a huge cost to the NHS. Matthew Elmes has 5 years experience of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching experience.

 

Research Interest

MJ Elmes main research area emphasize on  Nutritional Science.

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