Journal of Biodiversity Management & ForestryISSN: 2327-4417

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Research Article, J Biodivers Manage Forestry Vol: 2 Issue: 2

Role of Traditional Knowledge in Conserving Biodiversity: A Case Study from Patal Bhuvneshwar Sacred Grove, Kumaon Himalaya, India

Harsh Singh1*, Priyanka Agnihotri1, P.C. Pande2 and Tariq Husain1
1Plant diversity, Systematics and Herbarium Division, CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow (U.P.), India
2Department of Botany, DSB campus, Kumaun University, Nainital (Uttarakhand), India
Corresponding author : Harsh Singh
Plant diversity, Systematics and Herbarium Divsion, CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow (U.P.), India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: February 22, 2013 Accepted: April 17, 2013 Published: April 29, 2013
Citation: Singh H, Agnihotri P, Pande PC, Husain T (2013) Role of Traditional Knowledge in Conserving Biodiversity: A Case Study from Patal Bhuvneshwar Sacred Grove, Kumaon Himalaya, India. J Biodivers Manage Forestry 2:2. Mol Med Ther 1:1 doi:10.4172/2327-4417.1000108

Abstract

Role of Traditional Knowledge in Conserving Biodiversity: A Case Study from Patal Bhuvneshwar Sacred Grove, Kumaon Himalaya, India

The paper deals with the inventory of sacred groves and its phytodiversity from Kumaon Himalaya. These groves are well recognized in the world in terms of biodiversity conservation. Kumaon Himalayan region comprises many sacred groves, different ethnic cultures, traditional way of conserving biota. Realizing the importance, the study was conducted in Patal Bhuvneshwar sacred grove conserved by Rawal, Bhandari and Guro local communities. This grove provide excellent micro-climatic habitat for the luxuriant growth of flowering and non-flowering taxa and covered by dense forest of Cedrus deodara. Total 65 species under 61 genera and 47 families of both flowering and non-flowering plants were recorded. In which, lichens are represented by 13 species, bryophytes (8 species), pteridophyte (7 species) and gymnosperm (1 species). 43 species belonging to 38 genera and 28 families are ethnobotanically used by local communities for various purposes. Although the grove is conserved on religious beliefs, but facing several threats such as anthropogenic pressure and socio-economic pressure.

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