The primary goal of anesthesia is the maintenance of physiologic homeostasis. This includes monitoring and treatment of cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurologic and renal functions and changes during the perioperative period to minimize adverse outcomes. Optimizing intraoperative physiology may help speed recovery and provide for perioperative organ system protection.
There are different types of Anesthesia. They are Local anesthesia- numbs a small part of the body for minor procedures, General anesthesia- affects your brain and the rest of your body, Regional anesthesia- blocks pain to a larger part of your body